a study on the impact of the communicative approach to grammar teaching on students interest at the institute of foreign language hanoi university of agriculture

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a study on the impact of the communicative approach to grammar teaching on students interest at the institute of foreign language hanoi university of agriculture

a study on the impact of the communicative approach to grammar teaching on students interest at the institute of foreign language hanoi university of agriculture

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a study on the impact of the communicative approach to grammar teaching on students interest at the institute of foreign language hanoi university of agriculture

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a study on the impact of the communicative approach to grammar teaching on students interest at the institute of foreign language hanoi university of agriculture

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a study on the impact of the communicative approach to grammar teaching on students interest at the institute of foreign language hanoi university of agriculture

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a study on the impact of the communicative approach to grammar teaching on students interest at the institute of foreign language hanoi university of agriculture

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a study on the impact of the communicative approach to grammar teaching on students interest at the institute of foreign language hanoi university of agriculture

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Ill

TABLE OF CONTENTS

PART A: INTRODUCTION

  • I.     Rationale

  • II.   Aims of the study

  • III.  Research questions Scope of the study Methods of the study Design

  • IV.   of the study

  • V.

  • VI. PART B: DEVELOPMENT

CHAPTER 1: LITERATI RE REVIEW

  • 1.1. An overview on language teaching methods in leaching grammar

  • 1.1.1. rhe Grammar – Translation Method with leaching grammar

  • 1.1.2. The Audio lingual a study on the impact of the communicative approach to grammar teaching on students interest at the institute of foreign language hanoi university of agriculture Method with teaching grammar

T.2. Communicative language teaching (CĨ.T) in teaching grammar

Ĩ.2.1. An overview of communicative language teaching (CLT)

  • 1.2.2.  Characteristics of CL1

Ĩ.2.3. Status of Grammar in CĨ.T

  • 1.2.1.  reselling grammar Hl the light of CL 1

1.3. Students’ interest

Ĩ.3.1. Concept of students’ interest

  • 1.3.2.  Factors affecting students’ interest ill the class

Ĩ.4. The a study on the impact of the communicative approach to grammar teaching on students interest at the institute of foreign language hanoi university of agriculture impact of CT.T to grammar teaching on students’ interest

  • 1.1.1. Grammar leaching techniques Hl CL 1

Ĩ4.2. Teachers’ personal qualities and characters

CHAPTER 2: METHODOLOGY

  • 11.1.  Setting of the study

ĨĨ.2. Methodology

ĨĨ.2.I. Subjects

  • 11.2.2. Methods and Procedures

  • 11.2.3. Survey Instruments

II 2.3.1 Questionnaũes

  • 11.2.3.2. Class observation

  • 11.2.3.3. Interview

  • 11.3. Data analysis and findings

  • 11.3.1. Questionnaires

  • 11.3.2. Class Observation

  • 11.3.3. Interview

C1LVPTER 3: RECOMMENDATIONS

  • 111.1. Recommendations lor Teaching

IIĨ. a study on the impact of the communicative approach to grammar teaching on students interest at the institute of foreign language hanoi university of agriculture 2. Suggested communicative Activities for a Grammar lesson

in.2.1. Using games and problem-solving activities

  • 111.2.2. Using songs

ĨĨĨ.2.3. Role play

  • 111.2.1. Interview

ĨĨT.2.5. Telling stories

PART C: CONCLUSION

  • 1. Summary of rhe study

  • 2.  Limitations of the study

  • 3.  Recommendations for thither study

REFERENCES

APPENDIXES

ABBREVIATIONS

IFL: The Institute of Foreign Languages

HUA: Hanoi University of Agriculture

CLT: Communicative Language Teaching

CA a study on the impact of the communicative approach to grammar teaching on students interest at the institute of foreign language hanoi university of agriculture : Communicative activities

ESP: English for Specific Purposes

LIST OF FIGI RES AND TABLES

Table 1: Students’ profile

Table 2: Students’ awareness of the role of grammar in learning English

Table 3: Students’ attitudes towaids the grammar learning

Table 4: Students’ reasons for learning grammar

Table 5: Students difficulties 111 learning grammar

Table 6: Teacher’s profile

Table 7: Teachers’ awareness of the role of grammar ill teaching English

Table 8: Teachers’ attitudes towards rhe grammar reaching a study on the impact of the communicative approach to grammar teaching on students interest at the institute of foreign language hanoi university of agriculture

1 able 9: Teachers’ aims of leaching grammar

Table 10: Teachers’ difficulties in teaching grammar

Table 11: Students’ opinions about learning grammar through communicative activities

Table 12: Students’ interest in learning grammar through communicative activities

Table 13: Students’ frequency of learning grammar through commumcalrvc activities fable 11: Students’ evaluation of the effectiveness of communicative activities in learning grammar Table 15: Teachers’ frequency of communicative activity application m leaching grammar Table 16: Teachers’ evaluation of the effectiveness of communicative activities in reaching a study on the impact of the communicative approach to grammar teaching on students interest at the institute of foreign language hanoi university of agriculture aamnrar

PART A: INTRODUCTION

I. RATIONALE

English is considered to be the most common and important language of the world today in which a great number of people understand and use it. In fact. English has proved its self to be an international language winch not only helps people in the world communicate more easily but also encourages cultural exchanges among countries.

in Vietnam, the economic open-door policy pursued by the government has increased a demand for studying English. Many people are a study on the impact of the communicative approach to grammar teaching on students interest at the institute of foreign language hanoi university of agriculture expected to be competent to communicate verbally with (he outside world and to access science and technology. English is also seen as a necessary means for any graduate who wishes to find a good job. especially in foreign companies, hl correspondence to this trend, al almost all colleges and universities. English is taught as a compulsory subject. Additionally, there are many evening English classes at foreign languages centers opened to serve the explosion in rhe demand for English.

However, both teaching and learning English a study on the impact of the communicative approach to grammar teaching on students interest at the institute of foreign language hanoi university of agriculture in Vietnam are said to be not effective because, as a matter of fact, the traditional method of leaching is still applied in many universities in general and at Hanoi University of Agriculture (HUA) in particular, which fails lo gel students involved in the lessons, especially in grammar lessons.

The role of grammar in language teaching in general and in foreign language classroom 111 particular has been debated for a long lime among educational researchers, linguists, methodologists and teachers. It goes from playing a a study on the impact of the communicative approach to grammar teaching on students interest at the institute of foreign language hanoi university of agriculture major role to basically no role and now an important role together with changes in language pedagogy, hl Vietnam, grammar teaching is obviously necessary mainly because learners need the knowledge of the target language to pass national examinations which still focus on grammar. Ill addition, most learners and teachers agree that mastering the grammar of a language may form an important part of rhe knowledge of it. However, grammar is often misunderstood 111 the language teaching field and teaching English granunar can be hard going for the teacher and a study on the impact of the communicative approach to grammar teaching on students interest at the institute of foreign language hanoi university of agriculture rhe students. At HUA, grammar teaching plays an important role as it supplies students with basic knowledge for end-term exams and finish the ESP course 111 the second year. In addition, before starting to enroll university subjects, all rhe fresh students have to take a BASED-ORIENTED TOEIC PLACEMENT TEST. Ill which grammar IS tested. The fact that majority of the students come from rural areas with low level of English leads to the need of careful grammar teaching to heal their “grammatical holes a study on the impact of the communicative approach to grammar teaching on students interest at the institute of foreign language hanoi university of agriculture ". In this setting, the traditional way is commonly used so that the students can receive a systematic and accuracy of language. The result of this kind of teaching and learning, of course, makes a grammar lesson boring and tiring and does not get students interested in learning. Furthermore, it has created the "production" of students who arc structurally competent, but communicatively incompetent.

The questions of how to make the grammar lessons more interesting and how to make students interested in the grammar lessons a study on the impact of the communicative approach to grammar teaching on students interest at the institute of foreign language hanoi university of agriculture have become a concern of teachers of English ill general and those al HUA in particular.

Teaching grammar in the light of CĨ.T is becoming a new approach and designing suitable communicative activities to leach grammar is necessary.

From my experience, my students are more interested in the grammar lessons when teachers use games, songs, pictures, and other communicative activities to present rhe new items. 1 or the above reasons. 1 have decided to conduct a research entitled: “.4 stuffy on a study on the impact of the communicative approach to grammar teaching on students interest at the institute of foreign language hanoi university of agriculture the impact of the communicative approach to grammar teaching on students ’ interest at ĨFĨ. – Hanoi Í n hersity of Agriculture". Illis study is an attempt to look into the matter of how Communicative l anguage Teaching is applied in reaching grammar at TFT. – HUA and the impact of CLT on students’ interest in grammar learning. It is believed that the insights into these areas will help ro address the matter of reaching grammar effectively at universities and at foreign language centers as well.

11. .UMS a study on the impact of the communicative approach to grammar teaching on students interest at the institute of foreign language hanoi university of agriculture OF THE STUDY

To investigate how CL1 is applied m leaching grammar at 11 L-11UA and the impact ofCLT to students’ interest in learning grammar.

HI. RESEARCH QUESTIONS

To achieve the anus of the thesis, the following questions were proposed:

/. What is the fact of grammar reaching and learning at ỈFỈ. HUA ?

2. To what extent does cLT affect students ’ interest in the context of IFL -HUA ?

  • IV. SCOPE OF THE STUDY

The study only focuses on the a study on the impact of the communicative approach to grammar teaching on students interest at the institute of foreign language hanoi university of agriculture impact of the communicative approach to grammar teaching on students’ interest at I FL – Hanoi University of Agriculture, so the results of the study are nor for all students of all universities.

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