the use of information gap activities in improving students speaking skill a study on pre departure trainees at faculty of international cooperation and training hanoi university of industry nghi pdf

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the use of information gap activities in improving students speaking skill a study on pre departure trainees at faculty of international cooperation and training hanoi university of industry nghi pdf

the use of information gap activities in improving students speaking skill a study on pre departure trainees at faculty of international cooperation and training hanoi university of industry nghi pdf

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the use of information gap activities in improving students speaking skill a study on pre departure trainees at faculty of international cooperation and training hanoi university of industry nghi pdf

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the use of information gap activities in improving students speaking skill a study on pre departure trainees at faculty of international cooperation and training hanoi university of industry nghi pdf

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the use of information gap activities in improving students speaking skill a study on pre departure trainees at faculty of international cooperation and training hanoi university of industry nghi pdf

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the use of information gap activities in improving students speaking skill a study on pre departure trainees at faculty of international cooperation and training hanoi university of industry nghi pdf

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the use of information gap activities in improving students speaking skill a study on pre departure trainees at faculty of international cooperation and training hanoi university of industry nghi pdf

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iv

TABLE OF CONTENT

CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION

CHAPTER ĨĨ: LITERATURE REVIEW

  • 2.2.1.  What the use of information gap activities in improving students speaking skill

a study on pre departure trainees at faculty of international cooperation and training hanoi university of industry nghi pdf is speaking?

  • 2.3.4.3.

Roles of students

  • 2.3.5.  Benefits the use of information gap activities in improving students speaking skill a study on pre departure trainees at faculty of international cooperation and training hanoi university of industry nghi pdf of using information-gap activities in teaching speaking skill 16

  • 2.3.5.2.

Ensuring equal students’ participation

  • 2.3.5.3.

Developing both accuracy and fluency of students

  • 2.3.5.4.

Improving students’ ability of negotiating meaning17 CHAPTER HI: THE STUDY

3.2.1.1 Subjects

  • 3.2.1.2.3.  Classroom observation the use of information gap activities in improving

students speaking skill a study on pre departure trainees at faculty of international cooperation and training hanoi university of industry nghi pdf

  • 3.2.2.1.

Data analysis of students’ survey questionnaire and direct interview

  • 3.2.2.2.

Data analysis of teachers’ survey questionnaire and direct interview

CHAPTER TV: CONCLUSION

4.4.1.imitations of rhe study

REFERENCES

APPENDIX 1

APPENDIX 2

APPENDIX the use of information gap activities in improving students speaking

skill a study on pre departure trainees at faculty of international cooperation

training hanoi university of industry nghi pdf 3

APPENDIX 4

APPENDIX 5

APPENDIX 6

ABBREVIATIONS

CLT: Communicative Language Teaching

CI.: Cooperative Learning

FICT: Faculty of International Cooperation and Training

HaUI: Hanoi University oflndustry

1G: Information Gap

Ĩ.I: First Language

L2: Second Language

STT: Student’s Talking Time

TTT: Teacher’s Talking Time

LIST OF TABLES AND FIGURES

Chart 1: frequency of trainees’ being let join in IG activities in the use of information gap activities in improving students speaking skill a study on pre departure trainees at faculty of international cooperation and training hanoi university of industry nghi pdf speaking lessons

Chart 2: trainees’ opinions of the sufficiency of IG activities 111 creating motivation

Chart 3: trainees’ evaluation of teachers’ performance

Chart 4: the learning atmosphere during IG activities

Chart 5: rhe frequency of teachers’ using different kinds of ĨG activities

Table 1: teachers’ grouping techniques for pair gloup work (1)

Table 2: teacher’s behavior during ĨG activities

Table 3: teacher’s correction of trainees’ mistakes

Table 1: trainees’ motivation for using English 111 speaking lessons

the use of information gap activities in improving students speaking skill a study on pre departure trainees at faculty of international cooperation and training hanoi university of industry nghi pdf fable 5: the degree of trainees’ interest HI each kind of 1G activities

fable 6: trainees’ evaluation of the cffcctn cncss of 1G activities

Table 7: Teachers’ purposes of using information-gap activities in speaking lessons

fable 8: Teacher’s criteria for choosing a suitable 1G activity

Table 9: Teachers’ adaptation of activities

fable 10: teachers’ grouping techniques for pair group work (2)

Table 11: Teachers’ instructions

fable 12: Teachers’ monitoring during the activity

Table 13: the use of information gap activities in improving students speaking skill a study on pre departure trainees at faculty of international cooperation and training hanoi university of industry nghi pdf Teachers’ scatfolding

fable 11: Teachers’ encouragement to trainees’ use of English in an 1G activity

Table 15: Teachers’ difficulties in conducting an ĨG activity

Table 16: teachers’ evaluation of the effectiveness of ĨG activity

CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION

This chapter presents the rationale, purpose, scope, research questions, significance, research methods and design of (lie study.

  • 1. Rationale

Nowadays, when Vietnam is on the way to regional and global integration, a demand lor training students as competent communicators the use of information gap activities in improving students speaking skill a study on pre departure trainees at faculty of international cooperation and training hanoi university of industry nghi pdf has been made for Vietnamese education in general and foreign language education in particular. A high proficiency of spoken English becomes not only an academic goal but one of the crucial keys to access advanced science and technology. However, there exists one problem (hat teachers and students of English in Vietnam cope with: the target language is mainly used in the classroom and learners have few opportunities to use English in authentic contexts outside the classroom. Illis problem sets a challenging task for teachers of English in Vietnam: the use of information gap activities in improving students speaking skill a study on pre departure trainees at faculty of international cooperation and training hanoi university of industry nghi pdf that is to design communicative activities which can provide students with “real” contexts for negotiating meaning so that they can develop communicative competence. Illis requires some changes in teaching approach from rhe traditional one which put emphasis on rhe production of accurate grammatical sentences into CL1 approach which focuses on developing learners’ communicative competence, i.e. the ability to communicate through language. ĩn CĨ.T. learner-learner interaction is paid more attention through some classroom tasks like problem solving, decision making, opinion exchange the use of information gap activities in improving students speaking skill a study on pre departure trainees at faculty of international cooperation and training hanoi university of industry nghi pdf , picture dictation and jig saw tasks, etc. However, if teachers want to make these tasks beneficial and motivalivc to students, they should take into consideration the following questions raised by Hedge (2002: 263, cited in Rong & Lanvmg, 2008):

  • 1.  Which activities encourage participation from all students and so ensure that they all get practice opportunities?

  • 2. Which activities oblige negotiation of meaning?

Tn order to determine rhe effectiveness of classroom activities, a search for teachers and students’ opinions of these the use of information gap activities in improving students speaking skill a study on pre departure trainees at faculty of international cooperation and training hanoi university of industry nghi pdf activities is necessary because students may undervalue the activities assigned by teachers if there are any differences between their beliefs and teachers’ ones. Uns may cause students’ inactive participation and gradual loss of motivation to learning. The above reasons have urged the author to conduct a study to show a picture of students and teacher’s opinions concerning the effectiveness of classroom activities with a focus on information gap tasks and try to draw some implications for effectively teaching spoken English fol pre-departure trainees who are at elementary level at FICT the use of information gap activities in improving students speaking skill a study on pre departure trainees at faculty of international cooperation and training hanoi university of industry nghi pdf HaUI. It is hoped that Illis study will lay a foundation on which subsequent research into this matter is based and developed.

  • 2. Purposes of the study

The study is to investigate the use of information-gap activities 111 improving pre-departure trainees’ speaking skill, specifically:

To investigate the current practice of information-gap activities in speaking lessons at 11C1, HaUl

To explore pre-departure trainees ’ attitudes towards the implementation of informationgap acliv ilics in speaking lesson

lo explore the use of information gap activities in improving students speaking skill a study on pre departure trainees at faculty of international cooperation and training hanoi university of industry nghi pdf teachers’ altitudes towards the implementation of information-gap acliv ilics Hl speaking lesson

  • 3. Research questions

a. ff7tat are pre-departure trainees’ attitudes towards rhe implementation of informationgap activities in speaking lessons?

h. What are teachers ’ attitudes towards rhe implementation of information-gap activities in speaking lessons?

c. How effective is rhe implementation of teaching speaking through information-gap activities to pre-d epar lure trainees at Faculty of International Cooperation and Training?

  • 4. Scope of (he study the use of information gap activities in improving students speaking skill a study on pre departure trainees at faculty of international cooperation and training hanoi university of industry nghi pdf

Learners’ success or failure in learning speaking can be affected by many factors which are closely related. Among these factors, their opinions about what rhe teacher implements in speaking lessons need raking into consideration. However, this study only focuses on predeparture trainees ’ opinions about the implementation of information-gap activities 111 teaching speaking, particularly, their evaluation of the effectiveness of these activities in terms of promoting then participation and encouraging them to use English ill speaking lessons.

The 200 subjects chosen for this research the use of information gap activities in improving students speaking skill a study on pre departure trainees at faculty of international cooperation and training hanoi university of industry nghi pdf are pre-departurc trainees at preparatory stage at FICT – HaUI. Therefore, it cannot be said that the results of rhe study are general to all Vietnamese Iion-Enghsh majors.

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